Symptoms of hypertension almost never appear, and the condition can go undetected for years. The only conclusive manner of determining hypertension is by taking blood pressure readings.
Blood pressure readings are given by 2 numbers: systolic pressure (top) indicates the pressure in your arteries when your heart pumps blood. Diastolic pressure (bottom) is the reading for the pressure in your arteries between beats of your heart.
Symptoms of hypertension include:
However, most people experience no symptoms until the condition gets severe — an estimated 46 percent of adults don’t know they have hypertension. The only conclusive way to diagnose hypertension is by checking your blood pressure.
Signs of hypertension are also often misunderstood. The American Heart Association (AHA) reports the following symptoms as myths or inconclusive:
What to know: Only 22.5 percent (1 in 4) of adults with hypertension have it under control, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Hypertension does not have a cure, but the condition can be managed with medication and lifestyle changes. Certain breathing exercises are also known to be as effective as medication or aerobic exercise in lowering high blood pressure.